Howard Goodall’s Story of Music
Howard Goodall traces the story of music from the traditional world to the trendy day
BBC2 has a late Christmas current for Goodall followers: six hours of him, charting the complete historical past of how the complicated beast we now name music got here to be. Each different trendy presenter would fly round Europe at licence-payers’ expense to do hyperlinks in beautiful locations — not Goodall. He stays in a sparse studio explaining why P�rotin, Guido of Arezzo and Dunstaple have been nice innovators and demonstrating triads on his keyboard. He thinks subject material is extra necessary than presentation. He’s proper.
Half 1: Age of Discovery
The composer examines the historical past and improvement of music, starting by wanting again on the first faltering steps humanity took towards creating it. He considers archaeological proof displaying that music was as necessary within the late Stone Age as it’s now and charts how Gregorian chant began with a handful of monks singing the identical tune in unison. Over the course of a number of centuries, medieval musicians painstakingly put collectively the fundamentals of what has grow to be termed concord after which added rhythm – the constructing blocks of the music the world enjoys at this time
Half 2: Age of Invention
The composer examines the terribly fertile musical interval between 1650 and 1750, which noticed improvements together with the orchestra, the overture, trendy tuning, the oratorio and the piano. Vivaldi developed a type of concerto the place a charismatic solo violin was pitted in opposition to the remainder of the orchestra, Bach wrote complicated and heartfelt music in his mission to glorify God, and Handel introduced all of the strategies of the previous 100 years to his oratorio Messiah.
Half three: Age of Magnificence and Sensibility
The composer examines the age of Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Mendelssohn, Schumann and Chopin. This era from 1750 to 1850 noticed composers going from being paid, liveried servants of princes and archbishops to working as freelancers required to attraction to a brand new, middle-class viewers. The period additionally noticed super social upheaval, together with the American, French and Industrial revolutions, however till across the flip of the 19th century, the music that was being written bore little relevance to the tumultuous adjustments in society.
Half four: Age of Tragedy
The composer examines the center to late 19th century, exploring the European craze for opera and music that handled dying and future. He means that composers have been impressed by Berlioz’s Symphonie Fantastique to put in writing about witches, ghouls, trolls and hellish torment, and that the dying of the heroine in Verdi’s La Traviata was a touch upon the hypocrisies of wider society. Howard additionally argues that the picture of the composer as a misunderstood genius was cemented within the public creativeness throughout this era.
Half 5: Age of Rebel
Howard Goodall examines the methods by which modernism and the delivery of recorded sound within the late 19th century modified the way in which music was performed, heard and distributed. He reveals how the works of Mussorgsky made an enormous impression on European composers when aired on the 1889 Paris World Honest, and discusses how more and more disparate musical influences have been woven collectively to create groundbreaking new sounds.
Half 6: The In style Age
The composer examines the historical past of the previous 100 years in music, often called the favored age. Throughout this era, classical music – as it’s now termed – gave the impression to be in decline, however Howard argues that whereas some cutting-edge works proved too difficult to be appreciated by the mainstream viewers, the DNA of the style is alive and effectively in musical theatre, cinema and standard music.